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PAWTUCKET, RI, U.S.A., September 9, 2013: Teknor Apex Company has completed a study of plasticizer migration as it may affect non-PVC thermoplastics that are widely used for medical device components which come into contact with components made of PVC, it was announced today by the Vinyl Division.

The study focuses on four materials commonly used in conjunction with PVC: ABS, acrylic, polycarbonate (PC), and polystyrene (PS). A typical example is that of PVC tubing used with PC connectors, but the study has implications for other PVC devices such as bags and masks. The results shows that in such applications, certain plasticizers may cause softening, cracking, or other defects in non-PVC components as they migrate across the interface with the component made of PVC, while other plasticizers exhibit little or no such effects.

The study results are of special interest to manufacturers of PVC devices who are considering switching to compounds containing alternatives to the phthalate plasticizers, such as DEHP, that have been widely used in PVC medical devices, according to Peter M. Galland, industry manager for medical compounds. He noted that while some non-phthalates exhibited deleterious effects on the non-PVC plastics studied, others were shown to be acceptable for contact with some or all of them (see accompanying table, in which plasticizers are ranked vertically by acceptability).

“Teknor Apex conducted this study to help manufacturers make informed decisions about prospective alternative PVC formulations, and indeed about the materials used in conjunction with PVC,” said Mr. Galland. “We are prepared to supply each customer with exactly the right PVC compound, whether it incorporates a standard plasticizer or any of the alternatives now available.”

The phthalate plasticizers in the study included DEHP and DINP, both of which were not recommended for contact with three of the four non-PVC materials; and DPHP, which was found acceptable for contact with three of them.

The non-phthalate plasticizers and recommendations based on the study include:

--Polymeric: usable for contact with all four non-PVC materials.

--TOTM, a trimellitate: usable for contact with all four non-PVC materials.

--DOTP, classed as a non-phthalate in spite of its chemical name of di-octyl terephthalate: usable for contact only with ABS.

--DINCH: usable for contact only with ABS.

--DOA, an adipate: not recommended for contact with any of the four non-PVC materials.

--Benzoate: not recommended for contact with any of the four non-PVC materials.

--ATBC, a citrate derived from citric acid: not recommended for contact with any of the four non-PVC materials.

Details on the study are posted at


The VINYL DIVISION of Teknor Apex Company is a leading manufacturer of compounds based on PVC, including Apex? flexible and rigid vinyl, Flexalloy? vinyl elastomers, and Fireguard? low-flame, low-smoke compounds for wire and cable. Headquartered in Pawtucket, Rhode Island, U.S.A., the Division is an international supplier to the appliance, automotive, construction, medical device, wire and cable, and other industries. Parent company Teknor Apex operates manufacturing facilities around the world and sells in 90 countries. Six of the eight Teknor Apex business units focus on plastics compounding, including bioplastics; color concentrates; nylon; thermoplastic elastomers; toll and specialty compounds; and vinyl. Visit

READER INQUIRY INFORMATION: Address all mail inquiries to Teknor Apex, 505 Central Avenue, Pawtucket, RI 02861 U.S.A. Tel: 1-401-725-8000. Tel. from U.S. only: 1-800-554-9892. Fax: 1-401-729-0166. E-mail: